The restoration and the 18th century english literature i. Again, in the eighteenth century, english poets took to studying ancient authors, especially horace, to find out how poetry should be written. The course will include prose, fiction and nonfiction, drama, essays and poetry, with a focus on the historical and cultural contexts and issues relevant to the time. English literature the eighteenth century in the first part of the eighteenth century, the ascent of the novel profoundly adjusted the craft of english account. The eighteenth century in england is called the classical age or the augustan age in literature. The restoration and the eighteenth century the period from 1660when the english crown was restored as charles ii became king to 1800 saw the vast transformation of english society and english politics as well as significant developments within english literature.
This resulted from the growth of its industries and from the wealth of its large new trading empire. English literary history of the eighteenth century part i filologijos. At the turn of the century, fired by ideas of personal and political liberty and of the energy and sublimity of the natural world, artists and intellectuals sought to break the bonds of 18thcentury convention. The french influence the 18th century literature was indebted to the growing influence of french literature. While jamess son and grandson would threaten this settlement in the 18th century, the. The enlightenment the british library the british library. Though dryden belonged to the seventeenth century, he is also included in the classical or augustan age, as during his time the characteristics of his age had manifested themselves and he himself. The king openly proclaimed his love of parliaments, his devotion to the immemorial constitution of balance and moderation, his protestant fervor, and his pious hopes for a national church. They were favorite meeting places for the middle and upperclasses who exchanged information about politics, literature and business. Publication date 1904 topics english literature 18th century history and criticism, england social life and customs publisher london. One notable feature of french influence may be seen in the tragedies in rhyme that were for a time in vogue, of which plots were borrowed from french romances.
The satisfactory completion of english 1002, 1003, 1005, or equivalent. A history of eighteenthcentury british literature wiley. A history of eighteenthcentury british literature is a lively exploration of one of the most diverse and innovative periods in literary history. The invention of northern aesthetics in 18thcentury. The eighteenth century and the rise of the english novel. It is also called the age of good sense or the age of reason. Capturing the richness and excitement of the era, this book provides extensive coverage of major authors, poets, dramatists, and journalists of the period, such as dryden, pope and swift, while also exploring the works of important writers who have.
The classical age the 18th century literature was indebted to the this period. English literature and society in the eighteenth century by stephen, leslie, sir, 18321904. All this shows that literary periodization is difficult. Marxist interpretations of class conflict between the aristocracy and emergent middle class are unhelpful in describing the political situation in eighteenthcentury britain and its literary works. Other great master prose writers of the period were the historian edward gibbon and the philosopher david hume. Senior politicians, especially robert harley, saw the potential importance of the pamphleteer.
In the first place i, the student must gain some general knowledge of the conditions out of which english literature has come into being, as a whole and. In this course, students will study selected texts in english literature from the start of written literature in the anglosaxon period through the 18th century. Examine representations of gender and sexuality in restoration and 18thcentury literature including paradise lost and the rape of the lock, and explore the works of early women writers such as aphra behn, frances burney and margaret cavendish. The 18th century saw the development of the modern novel as literary genre, in fact many candidates for the first novel in english date from this period, of which daniel defoes 1719 robinson crusoe is probably the. History of english literature pdf included periods of. The oxford companion to english literature, oxford. European literature of the 18th century refers to literature poetry, drama, satire, and novels produced in europe during this period. Jonathan swift, who also wrote verse of high quality throughout his career, like gay favoured octosyllabic couplets and a close mimicry of the movement of colloquial speech. Britain had the strongest navy in the world, the navy controlled britains own trade routes and endangered those of its enemies. Understand the basic concept of history of english literature. On the other hand, the built up true to life convention influenced the improvement of the novel to. The periodical essayist and the novelist were both exponents of the same. Because of tremendous growth in trade and commerce, the england merchant class was becoming wealthy and this newly rich class wanted to excel in the field of literature also. The enlightenment the great age of reason is defined as the period of rigorous scientific, political and philosophical discourse that characterised european society during the long 18th century.
A history of eighteenth century british literature is a lively exploration of one of the most diverse and innovative periods in literary history. Having discovered, as they thought, the rules of composition, they insisted on following such rules rather than individual genius or inspiration. British literature through history 2012 book archive lardbucket. Pdf version by solitude old english the first works in english, written in old english, appeared in the early middle ages. English literature the 18th century the enlightenment in the 18th century britain was as powerful as france. Politically, the era followed nearly two decades of civil unrest and war.
The social context in 18th century english literature. Capturing the richness and excitement of the era, this book provides extensive coverage of major authors, poets, dramatists, and journalists of the period, such as dryden, pope and swift, while also exploring the works of. Download pdf of the 8 different ages of english literature and get quick easy notes on them. The restoration and the eighteenth century the teaching. Robinson crusoe and 18th century literature english. School of arts and humanities lit210 english literature. The romantic movement in english literature of the early 19th century has its roots in 18thcentury poetry, the gothic novel and the novel of sensibility. Restoration through 18thcentury english literature dr. The boundarybreaking art, literature, and music of the first decades of the century are the subject of the topic modernist experiment. English prose literature 18th century history and criticism. Rise of english novel in 18th century english summary. The first half of the 18th century was marked by the preparation of industrial revolution. The soul is placed in the body like a rough diamond, and must be polished, or the luster of it will never appear. During the next 20 years there were to be 10 general elections.
The most important gifts of the eighteenth century to english literature are the periodical essay and the novel, neither of which had any classical precedent. Reasons for the rise of the novel in the eighteenth century. Both of them were prose forms and eminently suited to the genius of eighteenthcentury english men and women. English literature english literature the 18th century. The first coffee house was opened in london and followed by many in 18th century. During the late 16th century and into the 17th century, two colonies emerged from england in the new world. His technical virtuosity allowed him to switch assuredly from poetry of great destructive force to the intricately textured humour of verses on the death of. The invention of northern aesthetics in 18thcentury english literature examines the complex and intertwined semiotic, ideological, visual and cultural operations that took place during the 18th century and that were to be conducive to and culminate in the creation, or invention, of an. English literature and society in the eighteenth century. This includes the graveyard poets, who were a number of preromantic english poets writing in the 1740s and later, whose works are characterized by their gloomy meditations on mortality. Survey of english literature from the anglosaxon period through chaucer, shakespeare, the 17th and 18th centuries. Johnson, who carried the arts of criticism and conversation to new heights, both typified and helped to form mid18thcentury views of life, literature, and conduct.
Pdf literature of the eighteenth century ani vidak. Pdf the english novel of the 18th century danyal khan. Capturing the richness and excitement of the era, this book provides extensive coverage of major authors, poets, dramatists, and journalists of the period, such as dryden, pope and swift, while also exploring the works of important writers. Restoration comedieswhich characterize the former half of the century followed by. The 18th century in england social history is characterized by the rise of the middle class. Another of the twentieth centurys defining features is radical artistic experiment.
Assembly articles from wikipedia free encyclopedia. This was a period of huge change in thought and reason, which in the words of historian. The main social classes were merchants, landowners, and manufacturers. English theses and dissertations english university of.155 1467 231 1155 90 938 1037 276 1202 481 1472 864 1447 1364 717 1227 976 542 1419 1643 20 822 1640 501 794 303 294 430 72 1430 1201 574